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The chemical formula for iron ii sulfate heptahydrate is FeSO4*xH2O, where x is an ionic number. This sulfate salt is moderately water and acid soluble.
Ferrous sulfate is an organic compound that is used in the manufacture of various iron compounds, electroplating baths, process engraving and lithography, and as a reducing agent in chemical processes and leather dyes. It is also a component of weed killers, wood preservatives and water treatment processes.
Agricultural use: The fertilizer form of ferrous sulfate is added to soils in an effort to eliminate soil iron deficiency and supply plants with the required nutrients. It is also used in the prevention of iron chlorosis in plants and as a therapeutically beneficial hematinic agent.
Commercial synthesis: This sulfate salt is prepared by oxidation of pyrite or by treating iron with sulfuric acid. Industrial sewage treatment plants apply large quantities of ferrous sulfate to remove phosphate from wastewater and prevent the formation of eutrophication in surface water bodies.
Safety: The chemical hazard of this product is low, but it can be dangerous to handle. Wear adequate protection, including protective gloves and body-covering clothing, when handling the product.
Storage: Store under Argon at ambient temperatures, protected from light and moisture. Avoid prolonged exposure to sunlight or fluctuating temperatures as it will cause the product to oxidize.
Iron is one of the most abundant metals in the Earth’s crust and it is found in its combined forms as ionic Fe2+ and Fe3+. It has been used since ancient times and has many industrial applications today. It is commonly found in minerals such as magnetite, hematite, goethite, limonite and siderite.