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Ultrasonic Technology Can Reduce The Cost of Magnesium Diboride Superconductors

Magnesium diboride (MgB2) This is an ionic complex with a hexagonal crystalline structure. It is an intercalation-type compound, with alternate layers of magnesium or boron.
Researchers have found that the temperature at which magnesium boride transforms into a high-temperature superconductor is slightly below the absolute temperature of 233degC (40K). Its temperature of transition is about twice that of superconductors with the same type.

Many practical applications already exist for superconductivity such as magnetic levitation and medical imaging. Superconductors can be used in many other fields of technology, including medical imaging and magnetic levitation trains.

Magnesium diboride (MgB2) has been attracting the attention from researchers ever since it was discovered. It is a superconductor which offers many advantages. It is lightweight and easy to process, can be made from many pre-materials. The total cost of magnesium boride will therefore be reduced.

Superconductors are characterized by their critical current densities (Jc). The Jc of MgB2 is not easily increased in an economical manner.

In a recent paper published in Materials Science and Engineering (B) (Materials Science and Engineering), researchers from Shibaura Institute of Technology, Japan, developed a new technology that uses ultrasound treatment to improve mass. MgB2Jc.

The method used is to use ultrasonic wave to completely disperse boron. The hexane can then be vaporized and removed to obtain a fine boron, which will then be sintered with the magnesium to create magnesium boride.

Researchers produce high quality bulk magnesium borid, the majority of which are free of oxidizing impurities. The Jc values increased between 20% and 30% depending on the time of sonication.
The scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive-X-ray spectrum revealed another mechanism that could lead to an enhancement of Jc. The team discovered a layered structure on the boron-deficient por walls. This appeared to consist of a magnesium boronoxide coating.

Researchers say that this will reduce the cost and technical difficulty of superconductors. It will also make it easier to use for the public, particularly in the medical sector.

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Magnesium diboride (MgB2) This is an ionic complex with a hexagonal crystalline structure. It is an intercalation-type compound, with alternate layers of magnesium or boron. […]

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What is Boron and its application

What is boron Boron is a chemical element, and its symbol is B. Boron is a black or silver-gray solid. The content of boron in the earth’s crust is 0.001%. Crystal boron is black, the hardness is second only to diamond, and the texture is brittle. Boron is named Boron, its name is derived from Arabic, the original meaning is “flux”. It shows that the ancient Arabs already knew that borax had the ability to melt metal oxides and was used as a flux in welding.
Preparation of Boron
Firstly, sodium metaborate is obtained by decomposing magnesium borate with concentrated alkali solution, crystallizing NaBO2 in strong alkali solution, making it dissolve in water to become a more concentrated solution, adjusting the alkalinity by passing CO2 and concentrating the crystallization to obtain sodium tetraborate. Dissolve sodium tetraborate in water and adjust the acidity with sulfuric acid to precipitate the boric acid crystals with small solubility. After heating, the boric acid is dehydrated to produce boron trioxide, and after drying, crude boron is obtained by reducing B2O3 with magnesium or aluminum. The crude boron is treated with hydrochloric acid, sodium hydroxide, and hydrogen fluoride, respectively, to obtain brown amorphous boron with a purity of 95-98%.
The purest monomeric boron is made by hydrogen reduction method: make the mixture of hydrogen and boron tribromide pass through the tantalum wire, electric heat to 1500K, boron tribromide is reduced by hydrogen at high temperature, and the generated boron becomes flake or needle-like structure on the tantalum wire.
Boron can also be obtained from the reduction of boron oxide by heating magnesium powder or aluminum powder.

Application of boron in industrials
Boron is a kind of chemical raw material mineral with a wide range of uses. It is mainly used to produce various compounds of borax, boric acid, and boron, as well as elemental boron. It is used in metallurgy, building materials, machinery, electrical appliances, chemicals, light wool, nuclear industry, medicine, agriculture, and other sectors. Important raw materials. There are more than 300 uses of boron, of which the glass industry, ceramic industry, detergents, and agricultural fertilizers are the main uses of boron, accounting for about 3/4 of the global boron consumption.
Elemental boron is used as a good reducing agent, oxidizing agent, brominating agent, blending material of organic synthesis, insulator of high voltage and high-frequency electricity and plasma arc, transmission window of radar, etc.
Boron is a trace alloy element, combined with plastic or aluminum alloy, it is an effective neutron shielding material; boron steel is used as a control rod in a reactor; boron fiber is used to make composite materials, etc. ; boron-containing additives can improve sintering in the metallurgical industry The quality of the ore reduces the melting point, reduces the expansion, and improves the strength and hardness. Boron and its compounds are also a co-solvent in the metallurgical industry and a raw material for smelting boron-iron-boron steel. Titanium boride, lithium boride, and nickel boride can be added to smelt heat-resistant special alloys; building materials. Borates and borides are important components of enamel, ceramics, and glass. They have good heat resistance and abrasion resistance, can enhance gloss and improve surface finish.
Boric acid
Zinc borate can be used as an insulating material for fireproof fibers. It is a good flame retardant and is also used in bleaching and mordant dyeing. Sodium metaborate is used in fabric bleaching. In addition, boron and its compounds can be used in paint desiccants, soldering agents, and mercury-containing wastewater treatment agents in the paper industry.
Boron exists as a trace element in quartz ore. In the purification process of high-purity quartz sand, how to reduce the boron content as much as possible becomes the key to process. The presence of boron reduces the melting point of quartz and reduces the number of uses of the prepared quartz crucible, which increases the production cost of monocrystalline silicon.
Although China is rich in boron ore resources, boron ore products can not meet the domestic economic construction needs, the domestic borax production in 2007 is about 400,000 tons, imported boron ore products 648,700 tons, a lot of dependence on imports, so a full understanding of the world market situation of boron ore products is quite important.

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What is boron Boron is a chemical element, and its symbol is B. Boron is a black or silver-gray solid. The content of boron in […]

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Si3N4 Density and Corrosion Resistance

Silicon nitride (Si3N4) is one of the toughest and most durable ceramics. It has excellent mechanical properties, high hardness, chemical and thermal shock resistance and a low coefficient of thermal expansion. This makes it suitable for applications requiring high loads and speed.

Corrosion resistance is an important characteristic of silicon nitride, especially when it comes to medical devices and implantable materials. Its resistance to corrosion is attributed to the formation of an oxide layer on the surface of the material, which provides a barrier against acidic and basic solutions. It is also resistant to molten metals and hot gases.

The atomic bonding in silicon nitride gives it a high Young’s modulus and Poisson’s ratio at room temperature. Its Young’s modulus is estimated at 280-290 GPa and its Poisson’s ratio at 0.22.

Its high hardness and wear resistance make Si3N4 a desirable material for tribological applications. Nevertheless, its intrinsic brittleness limits its use in many applications, such as in ball bearings and seals. In order to improve the tribological properties, particulate additions of TiB2 have been successfully used in Si3N4 matrices. Jones et al. tested the unlubricated sliding wear of hot-pressed Si3N4-40 vol%/TiB2 discs against BGSN balls in a ball-on-disc apparatus.

CVD Si3N4 coatings on RBSN and Si3N4 sintered bodies were developed in order to improve the oxidation and corrosion resistance of these two grades of silicon nitride. The results showed that RBSN with a CVD Si3N4 coating had the best performance in the oxidation and hot corrosion tests, while the SiCw/Si3N4 composite improved the bending strength and fracture toughness of the RBSN.

Silicon nitride (Si3N4) is one of the toughest and most durable ceramics. It has excellent mechanical properties, high hardness, chemical and thermal shock resistance and […]

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Photothermal therapy of Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles and their custom synthesized composite materials

Fe3O4 The nanoparticles used in biomedicine are characterized by their high magnetic saturation and biocompatibility. Recently, Fe3O4 Nanoparticles attracted researchers’ attention as a type of new photothermal reagent.Fe3O4 (microspheres) clusters, compared to Fe3O4 with the same crystallization, have a superior photothermal effect. This is due in part to their stronger absorption functions within the near-infrared spectrum. Fe3O4 Microspheres also showed a greater photothermal treatment under near-infrared lights.
The photothermal properties can be further explored by utilizing Fe3O4 Researchers have found that with increasing storage time, Fe3O4 is partially oxidized to Fe2O3. They also discovered that polymer ligands are more protective than small molecule ligands. Fe3O4 becomes partially oxidized with the increase in storage time. Research has shown that polymer molecules have a greater protective effect than small-molecule ligands. They also have a strong antioxidation capability.

By oxidatively self-polymerizing dopamine (PDA), a composite core-shell microsphere structure with high biocompatibility is created by using Fe3O4 nanospheres as the core. The composite microspheres exhibit greater photothermal effects and absorption near infrared compared to Fe3O4 spheres under the same concentration. The photothermal and near-infrared effects of Fe3O4&PDA Composite Microspheres are both enhanced with increasing thickness of PDA shell.
The nanoparticles will enter the bloodstream in the body and combine quickly with different proteins to create a protein crown. This is then absorbed and eliminated by the mononuclear lymphocytes, reticuloendothelial cells, and autoimmune system. Biomimetic technology was used to create the Fe3O4 The microspheres have been coated with membranes of red blood cells (RBCs), which greatly improves their long-term circulation in the body. They also enhance the effect of photothermal therapy on the animals by enhancing the composite microspheres’ enrichment at the tumor.
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Fe3O4 The nanoparticles used in biomedicine are characterized by their high magnetic saturation and biocompatibility. Recently, Fe3O4 Nanoparticles attracted researchers’ attention as a type of […]

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Zirconium ntride is a hard ceramic material similar to titanium nitride

What is zirconium-nitride (ZnN)? The zirconium-nitride, with its chemical formula ZrN, has excellent corrosion resistance. It also has a high degree of hardness, lubricity, and ductility. This coating is attractive due to its many properties. It is applied using physical vapor deposit. It is available in a yellow crystalline coating or attractive golden coating.

The zirconium-nitride has a physical and chemical property of 7.09 and a microhardness between 9800 and 19600 MPa. It also has a melting point of 2980 degrees Celsius plus or minus fifty. Zirconium is soluble only in hydrofluoric and concentrated sulfuric acids. Zirconium (ZrN), because of its properties, can be used in various ways.

ZrN grown through physical vapor deposit (PVD), is similar in color to elemental Gold. ZrN has a resistivity of 12.0mO*cm at room temperature, a temperature coefficient resistivity of 5.6*10-8O*cm/K and a superconducting threshold temperature of 10.4K. The relaxation lattice parameters is 0.4575nm. The elastic modulus and hardness are 450 GPa.
What is zirconium-nitride used for?
Zirconium Nitride is a ceramic hard material, similar to titanium nitride. It also acts as a cement like refractory. This material can be used to make refractory materials as well as laboratory crucibles, cermets or cermet alloys. Physical vapor deposition is a coating method that is commonly used on medical equipment, industrial components (especially drill bits), aerospace and automotive parts, as well as other parts exposed to harsh environments and high wear. In the case of alloying ZrN with Al, electronic structure is developed from the cubic ZrN’s local octahedral symmetry. As the Al concentration increases, this symmetry is distorted and becomes more complex, with a higher degree of hardness.
For rockets, zirconium-nitride is recommended as a fuel tank lining.

Zirconium Nitride (ZrN) compounds are composed of different crystal structures. These vary depending on their composition. ZrN is an alloy compound that has been discovered in the ZrN system. Not only do they have excellent chemical characteristics, but they can also be used in junctions, diffusion laminations, low temperature instruments, etc. These compounds can be used in three-dimensional integrated electronic coils as well as metal-based semiconductor transistors. The ZrN compounds have superior wear resistance to pure zirconium, as well as oxidation, corrosion and wear resistance. In addition, they have a greater superconducting threshold temperature.

Preparation and use of zirconium powder
The main processes for the synthesis of zirconium oxide powder include direct nitridation using nitrogen on Zr metals, high-energy ball milling, microwave plasma, benzene method, aluminum reduction, magnesium thermal, carbothermal nitridation. There are suitable routes for various particle morphologies and sizes. The mass production of Zirconium Nitride and other Transition Metal Nitrides is possible. It should be noted, that due to the formation solid solution within the ZrN – ZrC – “ZrO” System, the final nitriding product in CRN, or CN, is typically represented by this formula Zr (N – C – O). It is necessary to perform a CRN two-step process. The nitrite is converted from zirconium carburide (ZrC), which was produced earlier as an intermediate. The CN method is a direct nitridation in the presence carbon of ZrO2, and it only requires a single heat treatment. It is possible that the latter method can be more time- and energy-efficient in producing zirconium-nitride.

In oxygen reduction, zirconium nitride surpasses platinum
Pt-based materials play an important role in microelectronics, anti-cancer medicines, automotive catalysts, and electrochemical energy-conversion equipment. Pt, the most common catalyst for oxygen reduction reactions (ORR), is used in fuel cell and metal-air battery applications. Its toxicity, scarcity, and cost limit its potential use. In this study, we demonstrate that nano-particles of zirconium (ZrN), can replace or exceed Pt in ORR catalysts for alkaline environments. The synthesized ZrN (nanoparticles) exhibit high oxygen-reduction performance, and are as active as the commonly used commercial catalyst Pt/C. After 1000 ORR cycle, both materials had the same half wave potential (E1/2 = 0.80 V), but ZrN was more stable (DE1/2 than = 3 mV). In 0.1 M KOH. ZrN is also more efficient and has higher cycles in zinc-air battery than Pt/C. ZrN replacing Pt may lower costs and encourage the use electrochemical energy devices. ZrN could also be useful in catalytic systems.
Enhanced Photoluminescence Combined with a Periodic array of Organic Dyes and Zirconium Nitride Nanoparticles
Due to their excellent optical properties, noble metals like gold have been used in plasma technology. The melting temperature of gold, particularly in nanoscale applications, is low. These limitations in material are a barrier to the exploration of plasmons for multiple applications. Transition metal nitrides are promising substitutes for conventional materials because of their high mechanical and thermo-mechanical stability, and also acceptable plasma properties in the visible range. Zirconium (ZrN), a promising material substitute, has a carrier density higher than titanium (TiN), the gold Supplementary material most studied. In this research, we made a periodic ZrN-nanoparticle array and found out that the ZrN array increased the photoluminescence in the organic dyes. This photoluminescence was 9.7 times stronger when viewed under visible light. The experiments confirmed that ZrN is a good alternative to gold for further developing plasmons, and relieving the limitations associated to conventional materials.

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What is zirconium-nitride (ZnN)? The zirconium-nitride, with its chemical formula ZrN, has excellent corrosion resistance. It also has a high degree of hardness, lubricity, and […]

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How is boron nitride used in cosmetics?

How well-designed is the robotic arm of China’s space station? According to reports in Chinese media on June 21, the robotic hand on the core of the China Space Station’s core module is the most intelligent and complex manufacturing system for space intelligence in China. This arm is the closest replica of a real human arm. The robotic hand can move an experimental cabin on the space station with a carrying capacity up to 25 tons. The robotic arm on the space station helps astronauts to exit the cabin. Tongrun is a high-quality provider. The hexagonal boron Nitride powder.
By docking and separating the end-effector from the target adapter the core cabin robotic arm is similar to a tenon-and mortise construction commonly used in the woodworking industry. It is able to move in a wormlike manner around the station and perform cabin crawling. It can cover a greater area to reach the outer surfaces. The manipulator can crawl inside the cabin and monitor its state. The space station can be constructed by turning the robotic arm into the experimental cabin. The robotic arm can also be used to check the status of space station decks, capture visiting hovering planes, transfer the cargo load, and assist the astronauts exiting the cabin.

What is the best material for insulation in aerospace?
Hexagonal Nitride Boron (hBN) is a synthetic advanced ceramic which combines many useful properties such as thermal, electrical, chemical and physical in one material. Boron nitride, or white graphite as it is sometimes called, is a nonabrasive, white powder. It has a hexagonal flakes crystal structure that looks similar to graphite. But, at 800oC, the powder exhibits higher oxidation resistant. Boron Nitride Powder has high thermal conductivity.

Hexagonal boron Nitride: Properties and Applications
Boron Nitride is a new, simple polymer with hexagonal and cube-shaped crystals. It has high temperature resistance, corrosion resistance and high insulation. Its anti-oxidation temperatures can reach 1000degC. And it is a good lubricant even at high temperature. This is a high-temperature solid oil that performs well.

Hexagonal Boron Nitride: Application
Hexagonal boran nitride has a white appearance (clean), is non-toxic and not conductive. It is a good substitute for lubricants used in metalworking, including graphite and molybdenum diulfide. In many cases, boron-nitride will improve the efficiency of such applications.
1. Additives to ceramic composite materials and extrusion lubricants.
2. Special electrolytic materials and resistance materials for high temperature conditions.
3. Aerospace insulation materials
4. Mold release agent, lubricant and metal wire drawing lubricant.
5. The crucible of molten metal; the radiator and the high-temperature insulation.
6. Raw materials used in cosmetics

What cosmetics usually contain hexagonal Boron Nitride?
Particle size is directly related to the effectiveness and permeability in beauty of active substances. Cosmetic particle sizes are important, as smaller particle diameters increase surface area or encapsulate active cosmetic substances. The hexagonal Boron Nitride (hBN) nanomaterials are able to control the size and shape of synthesized particles. Hexagonal boran nitride is a good material for sunscreens and cosmetics. It allows for the nanostructures to be controlled in different formation stages. This can control the surface area, size, and other properties.

Where can I get hexagonal boron Nitride of high-quality?
(aka. Technology Co. Ltd., a trusted global chemical supplier and manufacturer with more than 12 years’ experience in the supply of super-high-quality chemicals and nanomaterials. Our company is currently developing a range of powder materials. Our OEM service is also available. If you’re looking for boron nitride powder Please contact us. Please click on Needed products Send us an inquiry.

How well-designed is the robotic arm of China’s space station? According to reports in Chinese media on June 21, the robotic hand on the core […]

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How can infrared remote control quantum technology

What color is cadmium selenide? It is a crystal that can be gray-brown, red or even orange. Cadmium Selenide is the solid binary compound made of cadmium (Cd) and selenium. It is an infrared transparent n-type material. Materials has provided the particle size for cadmium selenide as: particles, 100 mesh; purity: 99%.
Is cadmium selenide poisonous?
Selenium is toxic and can cause a great deal of toxicity. Cadmium selenide has been proven to be a carcinogen for humans. If the substance is swallowed or comes in contact with the eyes and skin, it must be treated by a medical professional. Current research is mostly focused on controlling development.

Uses for cadmium selenide
1. Optoelectronic devices
2. Laser diode
3. Biomedical imaging
4. Nano sensing
5. High-efficiency solar cells
6. Thin film transistor

How to store cadmium selenide?
Store in an airy, cool, and well ventilated warehouse. Keep away from heat and flame sources. The package is sealed. Store the chemical separately from other oxidants, acids and edible chemicals. Equip yourself with enough fire equipment. It is important to equip the storage area with appropriate materials for containing leakages.

Can cadmium be harmful to your health?
The body is harmed by inhalation and oral administration. It irritates. Contact can cause nausea, headaches and vomiting. Chronic effects: kidney and lung damage. Acidity or heat can create highly toxic hydrogen-selenide gas. Selenium oxide is produced by combustion (decomposition).

Emergency Treatment Methods
1. Emergency Treatment for Leakage
Restrict access and isolate the area that is leaking. Emergency response personnel are advised to wear positive-pressure breathing apparatuses and normal work clothes. If there is a small amount of leakage, use a clean, dry shovel to collect it in a container that has been covered. Large amounts of leakage: collect and dispose at waste disposal sites.
2. Protective measures
Respiratory System Protection: You must wear a hood type electric air-supply dust-proof filter respirator if you might be exposed to the dust. It is recommended you wear an oxygen respirator for emergency rescue and evacuation.
Eye protection Protection has been used for respiratory protection.
Body protection Wear protective clothing and protective tape.
Hand protection wear rubber gloves.
Others: The workplace is a no-smoking zone. Attention to personal hygiene.
3. First-aid measures
Skin contact Rinse the skin well with soap and hot water. Seek medical attention
Eye contact Lift the eyelids and rinse them with water running or a normal saline solution. Seek medical attention.
Inhalation: Quickly leave the area and go somewhere with fresh air. Airways should be kept clear. Oxygen is recommended if breathing becomes difficult. If breathing stops, immediately give artificial respiration. Seek medical attention.
Ingestion: Get medical help if you vomit and drink enough warm water.
Fire fighting method: Special protective clothing is required for firefighters.
Extinguishing agent Carbon dioxide dry powder, sandy ground

Remote control quantum technology using infrared
Los Alamos’ team developed a high-efficiency infrared LED that is tuned to specific wavelengths. This was achieved by adding an intermediate layer made of mercury sulfide between the core and shell interface.

Prices of cadmium selenide
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What color is cadmium selenide? It is a crystal that can be gray-brown, red or even orange. Cadmium Selenide is the solid binary compound made […]

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Copper Sulfide Properties and Synthesis

Copper sulfide is an important industrial mineral with many uses. It has a metallic appearance and is black in color, containing small, spiky crystals. It is soluble in nitric acid and can be separated from sulfur by electrolytic decomposition. It is a raw material for the production of copper (I) sulfate, copper sulphate and cupric sulfide. The chemical is also used in antifouling paints and for the preparation of mixed catalysts. It is toxic and corrosive.

The copper sulfide mineralogy differs between different types of deposits. The differences occur in the crystal structure, a property that determines the properties of the minerals. For example, copper oxide ores require higher calcination temperatures than copper sulfide ores. The sulfide minerals are usually found in supergene environments and are therefore more resistant to leaching with sulfuric acid.

Unlike oxide minerals, copper sulfides are relatively easy to synthesize from elemental precursors. They also have good transport characteristics and can be deposited in thin films. Furthermore, they have the advantage of being able to be processed using wet chemical synthesis.

This paper reports the synthesis of monodisperse copper sulfide nanocrystals from single-source copper dithiocarbamate complexes by thermolysis with hexadecylamine (HDA). The resulting HDA-capped CuS nanoparticles show high-performance in terms of optical and structural properties, including UV-visible and photoluminescence spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersing X-ray spectroscopy. These results indicate that the capping agent can play an important role in the morphology and structure of the transition-metal chalcogenide materials.

Copper sulfide is an important industrial mineral with many uses. It has a metallic appearance and is black in color, containing small, spiky crystals. It […]

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At room temperature, metal lithium can partially generate lithium nitride when exposed to the air

Overview of lithium Nitride Lithium Nitride is an alloy of metal and nitrogen, a solid crystalline that is either purple or red. Lithium Nitride’s chemical formula is Li3N. The nitride has a light green color under transmitted light and a dark ruby color when it is reflected. After prolonged exposure to the atmosphere, lithium carbonate is formed. The chemistry of metal nitrides at their base is very limited. The only binary compound that is easy to make and stable is lithium nitride.

Metal lithium exposed to the atmosphere at room temperature will partially produce lithium nitride. In nitrogen streams, lithium generates lithium-nitride at a rate 10-15 times higher than when exposed to air. All lithium is now converted into lithium-nitride. It is much more difficult for alkali metals than lithium to form nitrides. As an example, sodium-nitrite must be deposited on sapphire using the atomic laser at a low temperature. After a few minutes of heating, it will decompose.

Lithium nitride in water, is it soluble?
The fine powdered form of lithium nitride can be explosively combustible when heated. It is important to handle lithium nitride in an inert (such a nitrogen) atmosphere.

It appears as a powdery reddish brown color. Insoluble in organic solvents. It is used in metallurgy, chemical synthesis and other fields. The lithium nitride is both a salt of lithium and a form of nitride.
What is the lithium nitride composed of?
Lithium and nitrogen are combined to form this product. This is unique, as almost no other element reacts at room temperature with nitrogen like lithium. This can be done by reacting sodium with lithium dissolved.

Does Lithium Nitride Burn in the Air?
Uniquely, lithium reacts also with nitrogen in the atmosphere to form lithium-nitride. If heated in the atmosphere, Lithium produces a strong red flame. As a matter of fact, it can also react with the nitrogen present in the air and produce lithium nitride.

Li3N is it covalent or ionic?
Lithium Nitride is the only alkali metal known to be thermodynamically stabile. It is also the most ionic among all known nitrides. At ambient pressure the nitrogen exists as an anomalous, multiple-charged (N3+). This is only stable due to its crystallization environment: a hexagonal bispyramid made of Li+ions.

What is the purpose of lithium nitride?
Lithium Nitride comes in a brownish red solid, or as a powder. It is used in reducing agents. Lithium nitride is listed on the Hazardous Substance List by DOT. This chemical is included on the Special Health Hazard Substance List due to its FLAMMABILITY and REACTIVITY.

Fast ion materials should have a high decomposition voltage and a lower electronic conductivity. They also need to be more chemically stable. Many lithium fast ion conductors possess the characteristics mentioned above, which allow them to be used in making all-solid-state battery with superior performance. They are used for powering calculators, cameras flashes and electronic watches.

Lithium nitride has many uses, including as an electrolyte. It is also a catalyst that converts hexagonal boron-nitride into cubic boron-nitride.

The performance of OLEDs can be improved by adding lithium nitride to the tris (8 hydroxy quinoline ) aluminum (Alq3) layers. Literature has reported the use of Li3N as an electron injection and cathode. The buffer between the two can improve the performance.

What other things do we still not know about Lithium?
Scientists Say Lithium Could Be Added To Drinking Water To Prevent Suicide

In a recent study published in ‘British Journal of Psychiatry,’ researchers found a connection between the amount of lithium in water and suicide rates.

Scientists claim that adding Lithium into the water supply could help prevent suicide. When 7 Up was first introduced in 1929, they may have had a good idea.

A new study published in the British Journal of Psychiatry by Brighton and Sussex Medical School found a link between areas with higher levels of lithium in drinking water and a lower rate of suicide.

Anjum Memon is the lead researcher of the BSMS study. In a press statement, he said: “It appears promising that increased levels of trace-lithium in drinking water could have an anti-suicide effect and the potential to improve the mental health of communities.”

King’s College London has funded a portion of the study. It is a comprehensive meta-analysis based on research done in Austria Greece Italy Lithuania UK Japan USA for three decades.

Coronavirus Can Have A Devastating Impact On Mental. It concludes lithium’s “protective abilities” could be further tested through “randomized community trials” of lithium supplementation to the water supply in communities with high rates of mental health problems and risk of suicidal thoughts.

The report states that: “These results, which are consistent in clinical trials, that lithium reduces suicidal behavior and suicide risk in people who have a mood disorder suggest that naturally occurring Lithium in drinking water has the potential to lower the suicide rate and possibly stabilize mood in populations that have high suicide rates or geographical areas that contain a higher range of concentration of Lithium in the drinking waters.”

Early in the 20th century, Lithium drinks such as 7Up (which was devoid of lithium by 1949), Lithia Beer, and Lithia Water, a Native American sacred spring in Georgia, were marketed as tranquilizers. In the past, lithium was used in phones and batteries because of its electroconductive properties. In online health stores, lithium orotate is sold as a supplement for mood-balancing. But its effectiveness has not been proven.

The study found that drinking water provided a low, but constant, dose of lithium to people, possibly from birth. It is not yet known what optimal blood levels lithium can exert to prevent suicide. Trace doses of lithium have also been shown to be effective.

A small, randomised controlled trial showed that former drug-users who were given micro-doses (400 micrograms a day) felt better than when they took a placebo. It suggests that doses much lower than those commonly used in psychiatry can influence mood, and may even reduce the risk of suicide.

But drinking water is not the only way to consume lithium. Although some areas of Texas have high concentrations (340 micrograms) of lithium in their drinking water, where research has shown that it reduces cocaine and heroin arrests as well as suicidal or violent criminal behavior, the amount of Lithium ingested through the public water supply far exceeds the amount ingested by food and mineral waters.

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Overview of lithium Nitride Lithium Nitride is an alloy of metal and nitrogen, a solid crystalline that is either purple or red. Lithium Nitride’s chemical […]

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3D Printing Nitinol Powder With Excellent Performance

Nitinol This is a type of shape memory metal and it’s used in 3D printers. Shape memory alloy is an alloy that has a good plasticity and can restore its deformation automatically at a given temperature.
Nitinol alloy is made up of two metals, titanium and nickel. The austenite phase, and the martensite, are different phases of crystallization due to temperature and mechanical stress changes. The nickel-titanium metal alloy has a unique shape memory feature, but also excellent characteristics like wear resistance and corrosion resistance. It is also super elastic, damping high vibrations, and highly durable.

Nitinol Powder Performance

1. Shape memory
The material automatically returns to its mother phase when it undergoes a reverse phase transformation. It is true that the shape memory process is a thermally initiated phase transformation of Nitinol.

Superelasticity is the phenomenon in which a sample under the influence of an external force produces a larger strain than its elastic limit, but the strain can automatically be restored upon unloading. The stress-induced martensitic transition occurs in the parent state due to stress.

3. Sensitivity in the mouth to temperature changes
The temperature in the mouth cavity does not affect the correction force of CoCr alloy wire or stainless steel wire. The temperature in the oral cavity affects the corrective force of super-elastic nickel titanium alloy orthopedic wire.

4. Corrosion resistance
According to recent studies, the corrosion resistance between stainless steel and nickel-titanium is almost identical.

5. Anti-toxicity
This alloy is a nickel-titanium atomic alloy, with about 50% of nickel. Nickel has been known to be carcinogenic, and can promote cancer. In normal conditions, the titanium oxide surface layer acts as barrier. This makes Ni-Ti alloy biocompatible. TiXOy, TixNiOy, and TixNiOy are surface layers that can inhibit Ni release.

6. Corrective correction
Currently commercially used orthopedic wires include austenitic stainless steel wires, cobalt-chromium-nickel alloy wires, nickel-chromium alloy wires, Australian alloy wires, gold alloy wires and ss titanium alloy wires. Nitinol has the lowest unloading curve and flattest platform, meaning it is capable of providing the softest correction force and durable.

7. Good shock absorption properties
The root and periodontal tissue is more damaged by the higher the vibration caused by the archwire. According to the results of various arch wire attenuation studies, the vibratory amplitude for stainless steel wire was larger than that for super-elastic nickel-Ti. The initial vibratory amplitude of Ni-Ti super-elastic arch wire is only half that of the stainless steel wire. The health of teeth is extremely important.

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Nitinol This is a type of shape memory metal and it’s used in 3D printers. Shape memory alloy is an alloy that has a good […]

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