Bismuth Bi powder CAS 7440-69-9

About Bismuth Bi powder:
Bismuth is a silvery, crystalline, brittle metal when freshly produced and it often presents a pinkish tinge in the air. Bismuth is the most diamagnetic element, and its thermal conductivity is lower than any metal except mercury. It has a high electrical resistance and the highest Hall coefficient. Bismuth powder is a kind of spherical metal nanoparticle with colors from dark grey to black according to different particle sizes and there are no mixed colors or obvious agglomeration.
It has a high electrical resistance and has the highest Hall effect of any metal (that is, the greatest increase in electrical resistance when placed in a magnetic field). Bismuth is stable to oxygen and water but dissolves in concentrated nitric air. All bismuth salts form insoluble compounds when put into water.
 Feel free to send an inquiry to get the latest price if you would like to buy Bismuth Bi powder in bulk.
The most important ores of bismuth are bismuthimite and bismite. Bismuth occurs naturally as the metal itself and is found as crystals in the sulfides ores of nickel, cobalt, silver and tin. Bismuth is mainly produced as a by-product of lead and copper smelting, especially in the USA. The chief areas where it is mined are Bolivia, Peru’, Japan, Mexico and Canada, but only to the extent of 3.000 tonnes per year. There is no reliable estimate of how much bismuth is available to be mined, but it seems unlikely that there will ever be a shortage of this metal.

Specification of Bismuth Bi powder:

Bismuth powder Purity: 99.5% 

Bismuth powder CAS:7440-69-9

Bismuth powder EINECS: 231-177-4

Bismuth powder APS: 80 nm and as your request
Bismuth powder SSA: 1>7 m2/g
Bismuth powder Morphology: spherical
Bismuth powder Melting point: 271°C
Bismuth powder Boiling point: 1420-1560°C 
 

Item

Purity

O

Impurities

Ni

APS

Color

Bulk Density

Morphology

SSA

Bismuth powder (Bi)

>99%

<0.05

The impurities contain the elements of B, Al, Si, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni,  Cu, Mo, W,P,C,S We can supply the specific MSDS if needed.

margin

80nm

Dark Grey, Black

0.05-0.7g/cm3

Sphere

>7m2/g


How is Bismuth Bi powder produced?
It is best to use freshly prepared α-Bi2O3 to produce bismuth powder by reducing it with a mixture of molecular hydrogen and atomic hydrogen at 270°C. It seems that a reduction reaction of α-Bi2 O 3→Bi has taken place without any intermediate phase being formed.
Bismuth powder can be also produced by such processes as the mechanical comminution of bulk bismuth, electrolysis of nitrate and sulfate solutions at high current densities, electrolysis of BiCl3 in methyl alcohol and glacial acetic acid, electrolysis of BiBr3 in molten A1Cl3, reduction of aqueous solutions of bismuth salts with various agents, and cathodic reduction of bismuth oxide.

Application of Bismuth Bi powder:
Bismuth Powder for use in the preparation of pressed and bonded sputtering targets and in Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) and Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) processes including Thermal and Electron Beam (E-Beam) Evaporation, Low-Temperature Organic Evaporation, Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD), Metallic-Organic and Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD). Powders are also useful in any application where high surface areas are desired such as water treatment and in fuel cell and solar applications.
Bismuth metal is used in the manufacture of low melting solders and fusible alloys as well as low toxicity bird shot and fishing sinkers. Certain bismuth compounds are also manufactured and used as pharmaceuticals. The industry makes use of bismuth compounds as catalysts in manifacturing acrylonitrile, the starting material for synthetic fibers and rubbers.
Bismuth powder can be used as a lubricant additive: when added 0.1 to 0.3% of Bi nanoparticles to grease in the friction process, the friction surface will form a self-lubricating, self-laminating mask to protect the machine, which will significantly improve the grease performance.
Bismuth powder can be used in the metallurgical industry: can be used as additives during the production of cast iron, steel and aluminum alloy, which can improve the cutting performance of the alloy.
Bismuth powder can be used as magnetic materials: bismuth has a smaller thermal neutron absorption cross-section, lower melting point, and higher boiling point, which enable it to be the heat transfer medium used in a nuclear reactor. 


Storage Condition of Bismuth Bi powder:
The damp reunion will affect Bi powder dispersion performance and using effects, therefore, Bismuth Bi powder should be sealed in vacuum packing and stored in cool and dry room, the Bismuth Bi powder can not be exposure to air. In addition, the Bi powder should be avoided under stress.

Packing & Shipping of Bismuth Bi powder:
We have many different kinds of packing which depends on the Bismuth Bi powder quantity.
Bismuth Bi powder packing:vacuum packing, 100g, 500g or 1kg/bag, 25kg/barrel, or as your request.
Bismuth Bi powder shipping:could be shipped out by sea , by air, by express?as soon as possible once payment receipt.

Bismuth Bi powder CAS 7440-69-9插图

Bismuth Bi Powder Properties

Other NamesBismuth particles, Bismuth microparticles, Bi Powder, Bismuth Powder
CAS No.7440-69-9
Compound FormulaBi
Molecular Weight208.98
AppearanceFrom dark grey to black according to different particle sizes
Melting Point271.3 °C
Solubility in waterN/A
Density9.747 g/cm3
Purity99.50%
Particle Size80 nm and as your request
Boling point 1560 °C
Specific Heat0.0296 Cal/g/K @ 25 °C
Thermal Conductivity0.0792 W/cm/ K @ 298.2 K
Thermal Expansion(25 °C) 13.4 µm·m-1·K-1
Young’s Modulus32 GPa
Exact MassN/A
Monoisotopic MassN/A
  
  

Bismuth Bi Powder Health & Safety Information

Safety WarningWarning
Hazard StatementsH228
Flashing pointNot applicable
Hazard CodesF
Risk Codes11
Safety Statements16
RTECS NumberEB2600000
Transport InformationUN 3089 4.1/PG 2
WGK Germanynwg
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About Bismuth Bi powder:Bismuth is a silvery, crystalline, brittle metal when freshly produced and it often presents a pinkish tinge in the air. Bismuth is the most […]

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Copper Powder Cu Powder CAS 7440-50-8

About Copper Powder Cu Powder:
Since the application of metal copper is very wide, the consumption and production capacity in the metallurgy of toned metallurgy is second, second only to aluminum. The nano-copper powder is well thermally conductive, self-lubricity, and high activity, making it an important role in many areas, such as electrical, mechanics, chemistry, etc. This is derived from the unique basic characteristics of nano-copper powder: surface interfaces effect, quantum dimensional effect and quantum tunnel effect. Macroscopic, copper powder has a high activity, so oxidation occurs in air, soluble in thermal sulfuric acid and nitric acid. At present, the nano-copper powder is often used as catalysts, lubricants, conductive coatings, and is also widely used in engineering structural materials, aerospace and biological engineering.
 
Copper is a very durable and ductile metal that is widely used due to its thermal conductivity and conductivity. Copper can be used in wires or combined with other metals to form different alloys (such as copper, copper and copper). Bronze is formed in conjunction with tin. When exposed to air, the outer copper layer is slowly oxidized into black copper oxide. According to different conditions, it can also form copper carbonate, a green copper roof or copper coating. Feel free to send an inquiry to get the latest price if you would like to buy Copper Powder Cu Powder in bulk.

Product performance of copper powder Cu powder:

Cu powder, CAS 7440-50-8 High purity, uniform particle size distribution, easy to disperse use.

 

How is Copper Powder Cu Powder produced?
At present, there are many methods for preparing nano-copper powder, which can be divided into physical law and chemical methods.
Preparation of copper powder in physics method has the following methods:
1.Atomization method
The atomization method is mainly to break the metal copper liquid by high-speed airflow, thereby forming a fine droplet and then solidifying into a powder, which has become the main development trend of the current production of copper powder. The atomization method has the advantages of low production cost and small environmental pollution.
2. Mechanical ball mill
The mechanical ball milling method is widely used to prepare copper powder. The mechanism of action of the ball mill is mainly impacts collisions and rolling through metal balls, making it strong shaping deformation and constantly refining. The advantage of this method is that the process is simple, high yield, but is prone to impurities during the production process, and the powder size is not uniform.
3. Gas evaporation method
The mechanism of action of gas evaporation method is mainly to vaporize the metal copper or form a plasma in a lively atmosphere or an inert atmosphere, and then react with the lively atmosphere and cool the condensation, or by collision with the inert atmosphere, cool and condense, thereby forming a fine Copper powder. The copper powder prepared by this method has the advantages of controllable particle size, uniform shape, high purity, good crystallinity.
Preparation of copper powder by the chemical method:
1.Electrodeposition method
The electrodeposition method is to make the copper ions in the cathode in an electrochemical mode to obtain a copper powder. This method is in an important role in the preparation of the metal powder. At present, the electrodeposition method of the metal powder has a DC method, pulse method, and composite total deposition method. Electrolysis is a method of achieving scale production. It is easy to optimize the morphology, particle size, and current efficiency of electrolytic copper powder by changing the electrolysis parameters.
2. Liquid phase reduction method
The liquid phase reduction method is currently the most widely used method for preparing metal nanomaterials. The principle is to reduce the metal cation in the solution under the action of the reducing agent to prepare microns or even nanoscale metal powder by controlling various process parameters. body.
3. Vapor deposition method
The vapor deposition method is a method for reacting one or more gases to precipitate the preparation of ultrafine powder by plasma, laser, or the like. A variety of powders such as metals, alloys, oxides, sulfides, and the like can be prepared by vapor deposition.
4. Sol-gel method
The sol-gel method is mainly by hydrolyzing the metal ionic organic compound or an inorganic compound to form a sol, and then dried, grind, and calcined after solidification, thereby producing a nanofin.
 
Applications of Copper Powder Cu Powder:
Since the application of metal copper is very wide, the consumption and production capacity in the metallurgy of toned metallurgy is second, second only to aluminum. The nano-copper powder is well thermally conductive, self-lubricity, and high activity, making it an important role in many areas, such as electrical, mechanics, chemistry, etc. This is derived from the unique basic characteristics of nano-copper powder: surface interfaces effect, quantum dimensional effect and quantum tunnel effect. Macroscopic, copper powder has a high activity, so oxidation occurs in air, soluble in thermal sulfuric acid and nitric acid. At present, the nano-copper powder is often used as catalysts, lubricants, conductive coatings, and is also widely used in engineering structural materials, aerospace and biological engineering.
 
Copper is a very durable and ductile metal that is widely used due to its thermal conductivity and conductivity. Copper can be used in wires or combined with other metals to form different alloys (such as copper, copper and copper). Bronze is formed in conjunction with tin. When exposed to air, the outer copper layer is slowly oxidized into black copper oxide. According to different conditions, it can also form copper carbonate, a green copper roof or copper coating.

 

Storage conditions of copper powder Cu powder:

This product should be stored in dry, cool and sealing of the environment, can not be exposure to air, in addition should avoid the heavy pressure, according to ordinary goods transportation.

Packing & Shipping of copper powder Cu powder:
We have many different kinds of packing which depends on the copper powder Cu powder quantity.
Copper powder Cu powder packing:vacuum packing, 100g, 500g or 1kg/bag, 25kg/barrel, or as your request.
Copper powder Cu powder shipping:could be shipped out by sea , by air, by express?as soon as possible once payment receipt.
Copper Powder Cu Powder CAS 7440-50-8插图

Copper Cu Powder Properties

Other NamesUltrafine copper powder, copper powder, Cu powder, Nano Copper powder,
Nano Cu powder.
CAS No.7440-50-8
Compound FormulaCu
Molecular Weight63.55
AppearanceReddish Metal Powder
Melting Point1085 °C
Solubility in waterN/A
Density2533 kg/m3
Purity99.5-99.9%
Particle Size10-30nm
Boling point2562 °C
Specific HeatN/A
Thermal ConductivityN/A
Thermal ExpansionN/A
Young’s ModulusN/A
Exact Mass59.9668 g/mol
Monoisotopic Mass59.967 Da
  
  

Copper Cu Powder Health & Safety Information

Safety WarningDanger
Hazard StatementsH228-H400
Flashing pointNot applicable
Hazard CodesF
Risk Codes11
Safety Statements16
RTECS NumberGL5325000
Transport InformationUN 3089 4.1/PG 2
WGK Germany3
Inquiry us

About Copper Powder Cu Powder:Since the application of metal copper is very wide, the consumption and production capacity in the metallurgy of toned metallurgy is […]

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What Is Zirconia Ceramic

What exactly is Zirconia? Eramic?


Zirconia is a zirconium crystal oxide white, is also called zirconium dioxide. Zirconium dioxide is also referred to as zirconia, and is a crystal of white color. Zirconia ceramics are used in a variety of ways and are very durable.



Ceramic – Physical-chemical Zirconia Ceramic



Zirconia ceramics possess outstanding biocompatibility and physical properties. Their attractiveness is another reason why they are extremely popular. They can be further enhanced by enhancing the properties of zirconia by employing various techniques, like physical sandblasting, chemical bonding using the monmer with a functional function, 10-MDP. The bonds of zirconia ceramics should be verified by thorough tests and long-term monitoring of clinical trials.


Zirconia, a material made of polycrystalline is composed of cubic and tetragonal phases. Zirconia’s primary phase is the cubic phase, and the tetragonal is its secondary phase. It is a great material that has excellent mechanical properties, and low thermal conductivity. It is impervious to corrosion , making it an ideal candidate for coatings that provide thermal barriers.



Mechanical Zirconia ceramic



Zirconia is a great choice for numerous applications. It is a remarkable material with impressive properties that include high biocompatibility and chemical inertness. It is a marvel in terms of properties in terms of tribology and mechanical. Zirconia-based ceramics are low in crack toughness. This characteristic is improved with the addition of an ductile phase.


Zirconia is impervious to wear and corrosion. Zirconia is extremely elastic modulus (100 GPa) and a high tension force (300 MPa). It’s magnetic field-resistant, making it suitable for high voltage components like computers.



Optical Zrconia Ceramic



Zirconia Ceramic is classified as an optical substance. The non-crystalline optical material may be colored to produce various effects. CIEDE2000 is used to determine the optical properties of this substance. The difference in color between a black background and white is known as the translucency parameter (TP).


Ruys who is the author was involved in the ZTA study in the year 2001. He presented papers on the subject. He continued to participate in the field for two years after. Pure alumina was considered an effective material in that moment. Zirconia was considered to be superior.



Bond strength Zirconia Ceramic



Two methods are employed to assess the bond strength of zirconia ceramics. The one involves the application of resin cement to zirconia disks. The second involves using the use of a composite resin. The first method involves joining zirconia disks using similar density.


A universal test machine was used to test the strength of bonds between zirconia ceramics. The machine is a two-part jig. The crosshead is utilized to test the strength of the shear bond. The speed of the crosshead was set at 1.0 millimeters per second. The instructions of the manufacturer were adhered to for the treatment of the surface of the test.



Zirconia Ceramic Optical Properties



Scattering anisotropy affects the optical properties of zirconia as in composites made of dental resin. Both materials exhibit similar characteristics in terms of spectral properties. The main difference lies in the scattering anisotropy (SAF) that varies based on the material composite.


Zirconia, a material that is not uniform with random grain orientations as well as different refraction indexes, is the cause. Since zirconia is a nonuniform material, light moves through it in one direction, but scatters when it comes into contact with another grain.


Tungstenmolybdenummetals Nano Technology Co., Ltd. is focused on the development of technology, application of nanotechnology, the development of new materials industries, as well as professional expertise in nanotechnology research, development, and the application.


If you have any queries regarding Zirconia Ceramic, please send us an email at brad@ihpa.net Inquiry us

What exactly is Zirconia? Eramic? Zirconia is a zirconium crystal oxide white, is also called zirconium dioxide. Zirconium dioxide is also referred to as zirconia, […]

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Iron powder Fe Powder CAS 7439-89-6

About Iron powder Fe Powder:
Iron powder is a whole formed from several other iron particles. The particle diameter is between 20-200 μm. The performance of iron depends on the production method and history of specific iron powder. Iron powder is divided into three types: reduced iron powder, atomized iron powder, electrolytic iron powder. Each type is used in different applications based on its properties. The appearance of reduced iron powder and atomized iron powder is not large.
Iron (FE) atomic sequence 26, relative atomic mass 55.85, silver-gray, density 7.8 g / cm3, melting point 1535 ° C, crystal structure is intimately cubic structure. Because nature is very close to cobalt, the price is very cheap, and the source is very broad. Metal iron powder is iron-gray, and the iron powder has a double effect in the formulation, and one is to form a carburized carbon carbonite with diamond; the other is an alloying of other elements to strengthen the carcass.
The mechanical properties of the iron-based binding agent are higher than the copper-based and aluminum-based binding agents, and the wettability to diamond is also superior to the copper group and an aluminum group binding agent. Pure metal iron is silver white, iron powder is black, this is an optical problem because the surface area of the iron powder is small, there is no fixed geometry, and the crystal structure of the iron block is geometric, so the iron block absorbs a portion of the light, When another part of the visible spectroscope is reflected, it is displayed; the light having no absorbed light is diffusely reflected, and it can enter the human eye, which is black. Feel free to send an inquiry to get the latest price if you would like to buy Iron powder Fe Powder in bulk.

Iron powder Fe powder Physical and chemical properties:

Nano-iron, CAS 7439-89-6, superfine iron ion laser beam through variable current equipment fumed, product powder uniform particle size, narrow particle size distribution, high purity, low carbon, sulfur, phosphorus and other harmful elements, good liquidity, powder antioxidant high capacity, low sintering temperature, high purity, high sphericity, particle size control, black powder, the average particle size of 30-80nm, not covering more than 99.99% purity. High-performance magnetic materials, magnetic fluid, absorbing materials, permeability slurry, nano-directing agent, the idea of absorbing materials.
 

How is Iron powder Fe Powder produced?
The method of manufacturing the powder is usually divided into two categories, namely physical-chemical methods and mechanical pulverization methods, and there are many resent processes, atomization methods and electrolysis methods, and general characteristics of iron powder.
Iron ore reduction method, general characteristics: powder particles are irregular, low loose density, high impurity content, slightly compression. Main use: structural parts, electrodes, metal cutting. cheap price.
Iron scale reduction method, general characteristics: powder particles are irregular, medium loose density, high purity, good compression, high compression, better sinterability. Main use: structural parts, electrodes, metal cutting. cheap price.
Atomization method, general characteristics: powder particles are close to a spherical shape, high lamination density, good fluidity, high composite grid. Main use: high-density structural parts, powder forging parts, filters, and electrodes. The price is more expensive.
Electrolysis, general characteristics: powder particles are dendrites or sheets. Soil is high, the purity is good, the press is good. Main use: high-density structural parts.
Carbonyl method, general characteristics: powder particles are spherical, very fine, high purity. Main use: electronic material. Very expensive.
 
Applications of Iron powder Fe Powder:
Iron powder can be used in the following uses:
Iron powder for magnetic alloys and certain types of steel production; bearings and filter parts; machine parts; hand warmers; high-strength wear parts; magnetic materials; friction parts (mainly auto parts); as fuel.
Place a small bag of iron powder in a bag of food or the like or add the iron powder in a plastic bag. With the principle of iron oxidation, it has a significant effect to apply its oxygen in food preservation and prevention and anti-corrosion.
Iron powder and ferrous salts are both food antioxidants and also food nutrient enhancers.
The problem of solving iron lacks, food producers usually add the iron powder in flour, corn, rice, breakfast cremes
Iron powder mainly uses powder metallurgy mechanical parts, which are the main physical properties of loose density, liquidity, formability, particle shape, etc., which are mainly affected by iron powder production methods and their chemical components.

Storage Condition of Iron powder Fe powder:
Damp reunion will affect Fe powder dispersion performance and using effects, therefore, iron powder Fe powder should be sealed in vacuum packing and stored in cool and dry room, the iron powder Fe powder can not be exposure to air. In addition, the Fe powder should be avoided under stress.

Packing & Shipping of iron powder Fe powder:
We have many different kinds of packing which depend on the iron powder Fe powder quantity.
Iron powder Fe powder packing: vacuum packing, 100g, 500g or 1kg/bag, 25kg/barrel, or as your request.
Iron powder Fe powder shipping: could be shipped out by sea, by air, by express, as soon as possible once payment receipt.
Iron powder Fe Powder CAS 7439-89-6插图

Iron powder Fe Powder Properties

Other NamesIron Metal Powder, Fe powder, iron powder, nano iron powder, iron nanoparticles
CAS No.7439-89-6
Compound FormulaFe
Molecular Weight55.85
AppearanceGray Metal Powder
Melting Point1535 °C
Solubility in waterN/A
DensityN/A
Purity99.90%
Particle Sizegranule, -100mesh
Boling point2750 °C
Specific Heat0.106 Cal/g/K @ 25 °C
Thermal Conductivity0.804 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K
Thermal Expansion(25 °C) 11.8 µm·m-1·K-1
Young’s Modulus211 GPa
Exact MassN/A
Monoisotopic MassN/A
  
  

Iron powder Fe Powder Health & Safety Information

Safety WarningN/A
Hazard StatementsN/A
Flashing pointN/A
Hazard CodesN/A
Risk CodesN/A
Safety StatementsN/A
RTECS NumberN/A
Transport InformationN/A
WGK GermanyN/A
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About Iron powder Fe Powder:Iron powder is a whole formed from several other iron particles. The particle diameter is between 20-200 μm. The performance of […]

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Is Aluminum Oxide the Same As Aluminum Powder

Metal 3D printing Introduction


Metal 3D printing is a revolutionary manufacturing method that utilizes layers of materials to create solid parts. It reduces waste by using only the materials necessary to create the part. It also offers design freedom with the ability to create intricate geometries as well as design concepts that are topologically optimized. It can be used to make strong, lightweight products. Metal 3D printing is a fantastic way to consolidate complicated components into one piece.


3D printing material made of metal


A metal alloy is a solid material that is utilized for 3D printing projects. Its strengths, its low weight and flexibility in post-processing are among its benefits. It is perfect for creating models with complex features or complex geometrics. It is essential to choose the right model for your particular application. This includes deciding on the appropriate wall thickness.


There are a myriad of metals for 3D printers. However, there are also many alloys that provide distinct advantages. Certain alloys are also known as “superalloys” that provide superior heat resistance, excellent resistance to corrosion. These alloys can be used in a variety of high-performance applications. Cobalt Chrome and Inconel are two of the alloys.


Metal 3D Printing Process


Metal 3D printing is a method which allows the creation of complicated parts that are made of metal. When compared to traditional manufacturing methods it reduces the amount of time needed to make tools and also costs. Because of its flexibility and mechanical properties, 3D printing has many applications. Metal 3D printing is used for prototyping, manufacturing tools as well as heat exchangers and housings.


Metal 3D printing is a method which makes use of a laser to melt layers of powdered steel. The result is a 3D part that is 99% heavy, yet extremely dense. Metal 3D-printed components are able to be created with intricate internal geometries and features, and consumes only a small amount of material.


Metal 3D printing: Applications


Metal 3D printing is a powerful manufacturing technique that allows for the creation of parts that would otherwise be difficult to make. It can make extremely complicated components with intricate geometries as well as cavities. This technology is also employed to create tools and equipment that are required in conventional manufacturing processes. Metal 3D printing could be used in many fields including aerospace engineering and mechanical engineering.


Metal 3D printing is a process that produces layers of components. The build chamber is typically filled with an inert-gas solution to minimize the risk of the metal becoming oxidized. After that, a material called a powder is laid over the build platform. Following that the laser scans the cross-sections of the piece to determine if there is any remaining granules. The granules then are fused together to form a solid layer. The process continues until the component is complete.


Materials for metal 3D Printing


Two kinds of materials are utilized in metal 3D printing. Metal wires are first, which can be melted with a plasma-arc, laser, or electron beam. For a different type of metal 3D printing the laser melts the metal directly onto the building platform. Both types of metal 3D printers make use of many different metals in granular form, including copper and stainless steel along with aluminum, cobalt Chrome, and aluminum.


Because of its electrical and thermal conductivity, copper makes an excellent metal to use for 3D printing. It’s also reflective and makes it difficult to use the laser beams utilized by 3D printers made of metal. This is why engineers have faced several challenges while 3D printing copper. However, researchers at Fraunhofer ILT have successfully created copper parts that have high density and complicated geometries.


Metal 3D Printing Methods


Metal 3D printing refers to the process of creating metal parts using a 3D Printer. The procedure involves depositing thin layers of metal powder. These layers are tied by binder. The binder is then evenly spread over the layers with a printer head. In the end, the layers of metal powder and binder join and form the desired 3D object. This process can take a few hours.


Metal 3D printing has many advantages. It can create complex geometries as well as high levels of design flexibility. It’s not necessary to mold or cast dies for a product which makes this technique ideal for prototyping as well as low-volume production runs. Metal printers are becoming increasingly sought-after for large-scale structures. Metal 3D printers can handle printing elements that are up to 6 meters long. Inquiry us

Metal 3D printing Introduction Metal 3D printing is a revolutionary manufacturing method that utilizes layers of materials to create solid parts. It reduces waste by […]

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What is Metal 3D Printing

Metal 3D Printing Introduction


Metal 3D printing is an ingenuous manufacturing technique that makes use of layers of material to produce solid parts. This reduces waste, and uses only the required material to make the part. This method allows for greater flexible design, for example, complex geometries , as well as topologically optimized parts. It can also be used to make lightweight, strong products. Metal 3D printing can be a wonderful way to combine complex assemblies into one part.


Metal 3D printing material


Metal alloys are a solid material that is utilized for 3D printing projects. The advantage of this material is its strength, its low weight, and versatility in post-processing. This material can be used to create models with complicated geometry and intricate features. However, it is important to select the right design for your model. This includes selecting the proper wall thickness.


While there is a wide range of different metals used in 3D printing and 3D printing, there are various kinds of alloys that have distinct advantages. Superalloys offer an array of heat resistance as well as high strength , and resistance corrosion. These are alloys that are commonly used in high-performance applications. These alloys include Inconel, Cobalt Chrome, and Inconel.


Metal 3D Printing Process


Metal 3D printing permits the production of intricate parts made from metal. In comparison to traditional manufacturing techniques, it can reduce tooling times and costs. Due to its flexibility and mechanical characteristics, metal 3D printer has many uses. You can use metal 3D printing for fully functional prototyping and production tools, as well as heat exchangers and housings.


Metal 3D printing involves the melting of multiple layers of powdered steel using the help of a laser. The result is a product that is three-dimensional , 100% dense, but extremely lightweight. It permits metal 3D-printed objects to be constructed with complex internal features and geometries, while consuming minimal materials.


Metal applications 3D Printing


Metal 3D printing can be an efficient fabrication technique that creates parts which are otherwise difficult to make. It can produce extremely complex parts with complex geometries and cavities. It is also used for the production of equipment and tools that are needed in traditional manufacturing processes. Metal 3D printing can be employed in numerous fields such as mechanical engineering, aerospace engineering, and mechanical engineering.


The process of making a 3D metal printers involves layering the component. To limit the chance of metal oxidation, a chamber is usually filled with inert gases. Next, powder material is placed on the platform for building. A laser scans across the surface of the part and fuse the granules in order to create an solid layer. This continues until the component has been finished.


Materials used Metal 3D Printing


Metal 3D printing employs two types of raw materials. Metal wires are first and can be heated by a laser, plasma-arc or electron beam. For a different type of 3D printing using metal, the laser directs metal onto the build platform. Both types of metal 3D printing use a variety granular metals, such as copper, stainless steel and aluminum.


Copper is a popular metal for 3D printing due to its electrical and thermal conductivity. It’s also reflective which makes it difficult to utilize the laser beams used for metal 3D printers. When 3D printing copper engineers need to over come a number of hurdles. Fraunhofer ILT has created parts made of copper that have high density and intricate geometries.


Metal 3D printing techniques


Metal 3D printing refers the process of making metal objects using a 3-D Printer. It involves the laying of metal powder in thin layers, which are then bonded by binder. This binder is then ejected with a printing head and evenly distributed over each layer. The layers of metal powder combined with binder eventually bond together and produce the desired 3D object. It can take a long time.


Metal 3D printing comes with a large number of advantages, such as the ability to create intricate geometries and large degrees of design freedom. Metal 3D printing doesn’t need casting molds or dies to produce a component. It is perfect for prototyping, small-scale production runs and prototyping. Metal printers are increasingly being utilized for large-scale structures. Metal 3D printers are able to print structures that are up to 6 meters in length. Inquiry us

Metal 3D Printing Introduction Metal 3D printing is an ingenuous manufacturing technique that makes use of layers of material to produce solid parts. This reduces […]

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What is Inconel Powder

What exactly is Inconel Powder precisely?


INCONEL powder is an extremely ductile, high-performance metal that can be utilized for 3D printing, is a prime illustration. It can be utilized with various metal 3D printers including the ones from Renishaw as well as EOS, ConceptLaser and SLM. It is usually packaged in an aluminum foil vacuum bag, which is gas-filled. These bags are suitable for air cargo.


Inconel is an alloy of nickel and chrome that is extremely resistant to corrosion and oxidation resistance. Because of its lower Thermo liner expansion it’s an excellent choice for hot-section gas turbines. It is resistant against creep and plastic deformations under its yield strengths.


How do you make Inconel Powder


To evaluate the impact of oxygen on Inconel powder properties We first measured the amount of oxygen in the powder. A high level of oxygen can cause the growth of fatigue cracks. It is therefore important to stay clear of high oxygen levels within Inconel powder. Powder with a high percentage of oxygen (400 ppm) is created by the LPBF process.


Plasma rotating electrodes are yet another method for making Inconel powder. This method is completely pure and has high sphericity. This technique also helps to reduce hollow and satellite powders. The technique improves the process of recovering raw material which is crucial in manufacturing of metal powder. Inert-protection gas that is mixed reduces oxygen levels, which increases the rate of powder’s solidification.


Inconel Powder Application


Because of its extraordinary resistance to sodium chloride, Inconel can be used extensively for marine use. It is employed for propeller blades and underwater pipes and offshore drilling wells. It is remarkably corrosion and temperature-resistant, and it also retains its oxidation resistance better than other alloys.


Inconel powder can be employed in additive manufacturing as well as 3D printing. It can be used to create various mechanical components, such as liquid-fueled rockets. It is also used in powder metallurgy and as laser additive manufacturing. It can be used in many different kinds of metal 3D printing devices.


Research studies on Inconel Powder


A study was also done to see the way Inconel 718 powder reacts after repeated processing. There are four kinds of Inconel powders: virgin powder used powder (after 20 LPBF cycles) scatter powder (after 20 cycles), and overflow powder. All powders were tested for their characteristics of morphology and flowability, as well as their physicochemical characteristics.


The investigation of Inconel powder was conducted using an EDS detector, as well as the optical spectroscopy microscope. The measurements of the alloying elements were greater than what the manufacturer declared, however within the acceptable limits of ASTM B637 chemical content standards. The differences between the actual and declared content of each element were likely due to random variations in the composition of the powder. The use of the powder after that increased the level impurities like oxygen. However, the variations between the reported and measured content were not significant.


Inconel powder is priced at a cost that is similar with milled Inconel. It’s also economical. Additionally, it permits users to reduce the amount of Inconel that is used while optimizing the structure inside the piece. There are a variety of alloys that contain Inconel powder, but the most popular ones are 625 or 718. If demand increases, however, there will increase the number of alloys. Inquiry us

What exactly is Inconel Powder precisely? INCONEL powder is an extremely ductile, high-performance metal that can be utilized for 3D printing, is a prime illustration. […]

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What can calcium stearate do

Calcium Stearate is it Gluten-Free?


Calcium Stearate is a clear powder that has a silky feeling. It is easily soluble in organic solvents including toluene and ethanol. Stearic acid forms slowly as it breaks down slowly. However, it’s not gluten-free. If it’s safe to consume is a matter of debate.


Is calcium Stearate gluten-free?


If you’re wondering if calcium stearate is gluten-free and other gluten-containing ingredients, you’re not alone. This food additive can be often employed in confectionery and baking products. It’s a blend of stearic acid and lactic acid and partially neutralized with food-grade calcium carbonate. It’s available as a white , yellowish-colored powder or brittle with a distinct smell. It’s commonly used in food products as an emulsifier. It’s particularly effective in ones made from gluten-free ingredients.


In spite of its name, calcium stearate doesn’t contain any gluten content and is in compliance with the gluten-free definition of the FDA. It is most commonly found in foods and is vegan friendly because of its non-animal products. However, it can be made from animal fats, so vegetarians should be wary of this ingredient.


Is calcium Stearate considered to be a fatty acid?


Calcium Stearate is a white waxy powder that is made of calcium carboxylate is a form of calcium. It’s used for its anti-caking properties and stabilization in the rubber and plastic industries. Its physiological and acute toxic profiles make it a suitable choice for many different applications, including lubricant and antifoaming agents. The nontoxic fatty acids are also utilized in pharmaceuticals and food processing.


Calcium Stearate is a light to yellowish waxy powder. It has a greasy texture and distinctive scent of fatty. Calcium stearate is able to dissolve in water in small amounts in contrast to potassium and sodium that are both water-soluble. Calcium stearate transforms slowly into an acid called stearic acid after exposure to heat.


Apart from its use in the pharmaceutical industry, calcium is frequently used in plastics and construction materials. It functions as a waterproofing agent, and also prevents efflorescence from the construction industry and on other surfaces. It also serves as an adhesion protector, as a lubricant and also for rubber applications.


Calcium stearate is expected to be a great investment because of its cost-effectiveness and low toxic. It is widely used in the rubber and plastics industry as an anti-caking agent and also to release from molds. It is also utilized as an anti-caking agent in food processing.


Calcium stearate is a common ingredient in lubricant products cosmetics, and food items. It is also a vegan food additive, as it does not utilize animal products or ingredients for its production. Stearic acid can be derived from animal fats and therefore should not be consumed when you are vegetarian or vegan.


Calcium stearate can be extracted by boiling the calcium Aqueous layers in 1N sulfuric acid. This process should take around three hours. Stirring the solution may help the separation process and cut down the amount of time required to create a clear layer of fat acid.


Calcium stearate is a chemical compound composed of long-chain fat acids and a metal with varying valence, is a chemical compound. It is frequently used in plastics, and serves as an internal lubricant. It is also used to act as a slip agent in ABS as well as PET. Hot-melt adhesives also use calcium stearate. It is also used as dispersant in powder coatings.


What is the alternative name for Calcium Stearate?


Calcium stearate is an inorganic chemical compound that is found naturally in many vegetable oils and animal fats. It’s a very versatile ingredient used to enhance the texture and taste of many foods. Calcium stearate is available as a powder, in technical and food grade. In food products, its soluble and low toxicity make it an beneficial ingredient.


Calcium Stearate is a clear, waxy powder. It’s insoluble in water but it can be slightly dissolved in ethanol. It can be used in waterproofing fabrics and as a release agent for plastic molding powders. It’s also used for cosmetics as well as lubricants.


Its properties make it useful to prevent caking and friction. It can also be used as a thickener and stabilizer. Calcium stearate can also be utilized in cosmetics to improve the appearance and decrease friction. It can also be used in industrial applications , such as coatings and waterproofing substances. It can be combined with a particular type of fatty acids to create soap.


Calcium stearate can be found in cosmetics and food. It is employed to make capsules and tablets to act as lubricant. It is also used as an acid scavenger and stabilizer in plastics. It also helps improve the fusion and flow of rigid PVC. Additionally, calcium stearate is a component in a number of defoamers.


Calcium stearate is a white powder with a silky texture. It dissolves in water and other organic solvents. If heated, it breaks down into stearic acid. Another significant use of calcium stearate is in coatings for sugar, sucrose powder and stock cube.


It is also employed as an anti-dusting agent in flour enrichments. Calcium stearate, as its most commonly used form is an emulsifier as well as a an coagulant. It functions as a stabilizer, and a release agent. It is used in food due to these properties.


Calcium stearate can be used as an additive in UHMWPE resins or other catalyst technologies. It can be used to surface coat the particles of polymers in any resin.


Is calcium stearate safe to consume?


Calcium stearate can be found as a typical ingredient in a variety of foods. This ingredient is thought to be “essentially safe to consume” by the FDA, and it complies with the gluten-free standard. It’s also vegan, meaning it’s not produced from animal products or matter. Stearic acid can be derived by consuming animal fats. Therefore, vegetarians should be cautious about using it. Even though it does not contain dairy, high doses of stearic acids could cause stomach discomfort.


The chemical is found in numerous products, including pharmaceuticals and food products. It is also utilized in the production of paper to provide the paper with a semi-matte appearance and increase the longevity of the paper. It is also utilized in the construction industry as a grease and thickening agent, and in the making of tablets. Its water-repelling and lubricating characteristics are ideal for a variety of applications.


Calcium stearate is an insoluble, white powder derived from a premium vegetable source of Stearic acid. It is safe to consume and can be used as an adhesion defender in plastic and rubber products. Calcium stearate which is also found in soap is commonly used in cosmetics, plastics, and pharmaceuticals.


Calcium stearate is utilized in pharmaceuticals as a stabilizer and thickening agent. It is also employed in food products as decaking agents and as a lubricant in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) resins. It is also used as a de-agglomerating agent for PP and HDPE plastics.


It is safe to consume, however it can cause symptoms of the immune system. It could actually hinder the functions of T-cells in the body. While the ingredient is consumed in a safe manner, there are concerns about its potential connection to cottonseed oils modified genetically. Inquiry us

Calcium Stearate is it Gluten-Free? Calcium Stearate is a clear powder that has a silky feeling. It is easily soluble in organic solvents including toluene […]

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Chromium Cr Powder CAS 7440-47-3

About Chromium Cr Powder:
Chromium is a steel-gray, lustrous, and hard metal that finds wide use as a catalyst or in alloys. Chromium is used as a hardener in steel, for the manufacture of stainless steel and many useful alloys. It is also employed to give glass an emerald green color. Chromium does not oxidize in the air, even in extreme moisture. What is chromium powder? Chromium powder is a silvery-white metal with a slightly dark gray color (body-centered cubic crystal system). Melting point (1857 soil 20)℃.The boiling point of 2672 ℃.
Relative density D28 7.20. Soluble in dilute sulfuric acid, dilute hydrochloric acid, insoluble in water, nitric acid, aqua regia. Chromium, the chemical symbol Cr, has an atomic number of 24 and belongs to the ⅥB group in the periodic table. The element name comes from the Greek word meaning “color,” because chromium compounds have colors. The single material is steel-gray metal, which is the hardest metal in nature. The content of chromium in the earth’s crust is 0.01%, ranking the 17th. Free natural chromium is extremely rare and mainly exists in chrome-lead ore. Metal chromium powder can burn under high temperatures and open flame. It has almost no harmful effect on the human body and has not been reported to cause industrial poisoning. But hexavalent chromium ions are carcinogenic. Packing and storage of products in iron drums lined with polyethylene plastic bags should be stored in dry and clean warehouses. Not to be stored and transported together with acids. Fire can be used dry powder, sand to extinguish. Tungstenmolybdenummetals is a trusted global Chromium Cr Powder supplement supplier. Feel free to send an inquiry about the latest price of Chromium powder at any time.

Product Information of chromium powder CAS 7440-47-3:

chromium powder Purity: 99.95% 
Copper powder Appearance: grey nanopowder
Copper powder FSSS: 53 to 125 microns
Copper powder Bulk density: 3.8 g/cm3
chromium powder COA:

(ppm)

Chemical Composition,ppm

Cr

≥99.95%

Si

8

C

15

K

6

O

130

As

0.5

Ca

3

Cd

8

Mg

0.2

Zr

0.5

Si

12

S

20

Al

15

Mn

6

Fe

160

Pb

0.5

Ni

20

W

15

Cu

13

N

19

 

How is Chromium Cr Powder produced?
In the production of chromium, the calcination process of chromite calcium is used to convert chromium trioxide into sodium chromate, which is leached into sodium chromate solution with dilute solution and water, and then manufactured by electrolysis method.
Electrolysis method: when sodium chromate is used as compensation solution for electrolysis, the cathode solution is 40g/L(Cr), 90g/L (NH4);Anodic solution is 22g/L (Cr), 18g/L (NH4), 200g/ LH2S04.Chromium metal was prepared by electrolysis of stainless steel for cathode and Pb-Ag alloy for anode at the temperature of about 60℃, cell voltage of 4.8V and current density of 8.6A/CrR12. Due to the high content of silicon, aluminum and other impurities in chromite and its additive, the amount of slag discharged in the process is large, because the slag contains toxic water-soluble Cr6+, which seriously pollutes the environment.
The process developed in recent years: the chromite is first reduced by carbon into carbon ferrochrome, and then oxidized by roasting and leaching with soda ash, dolomite and other mixtures to obtain sodium chromate solution, which is reduced by sulfur and calcined to obtain chromium oxide, and then smelted, sandblasted and finished with aluminum to obtain metal chromium products. The advantage of this method is that most of the impurities in chromite enter the smelting slag, so the total chromium in the mixture can be higher, and the pollution to the environment can be reduced, and the soda ash consumed in the roasting process is less, and the quality of the products can be improved at the same time.
 
Applications of Chromium Cr Powder:
Chromium powder uses are very wide. Chromium powder can be used as light-resistant, the heat-resistant coating also can be used as abrasives, glass, ceramic colorant, chemical synthesis of catalyst. Chromium alum and dichromate are used as tanning materials for leather, mordant, impregnating agent and various pigments for fabric dyeing. Chromium plating and chromizing can make steel, copper, aluminum and other metals form a corrosion-resistant surface, and bright and beautiful, widely used in furniture, automobile, construction and other industries. In addition, chrome ore is also used in large quantities to make refractory materials. Used for refining high-temperature alloy, resistance alloy, precision alloy as additive of chromium element. Pure chromium is used for electroplating.

Storage Condition of chromium Cr powder:
The damp reunion will affect chromium Cr powder dispersion performance and using effects, therefore, chromium Cr powder should be sealed in vacuum packing and stored in cool and dry room, the chromium Cr powder can not be exposure to air. In addition, the Cr powder should be avoided under stress.

Packing & Shipping of chromium Cr powder:
We have many different kinds of packing which depend on the chromium Cr powder quantity.
Chromium Cr powder packing:vacuum packing, 100g, 500g or 1kg/bag, 25kg/barrel, or as your request.
Chromium Cr powder shipping: could be shipped out by sea, by air, by express, as soon as possible once payment receipt.

Chromium Cr Powder CAS 7440-47-3插图

Chromium Powder Properties

Other NamesChromium Chips, Chromium Sheet, Chromium Flake
CAS No.7440-47-3
Compound FormulaCr
Molecular Weight52
AppearanceSilvery
Melting Point1857
Boiling Point2672
Density7.18 g/cm3
Solubility in H2ON/A
Electrical Resistivity12.96 microhm-cm @ 0 °C
Poisson’s Ratio0.21
Tensile StrengthN/A
Thermal Conductivity0.939 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K
Thermal Expansion(25 °C) 4.9 µm·m-1·K-1
Vickers Hardness1060 MN m-2
Young’s Modulus279 Gpa
  
  

Chromium Powder Health & Safety Information

Signal WordWarning
Hazard StatementsH400
Hazard CodesN/A
Risk CodesN/A
Safety StatementsN/A
Transport InformationN/A
Inquiry us

About Chromium Cr Powder:Chromium is a steel-gray, lustrous, and hard metal that finds wide use as a catalyst or in alloys. Chromium is used as a […]

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Chromium Chip Chromium Sheet Chromium Flake CAS 7440-47-3

About Chromium Chip Chromium Sheet Chromium Flake:
Chromium sheet is also called Chromium Ship, Chromium Flake. Chromium sheet is a hard and brittle steel gray bright metal, hardness such as corundum, melting lower than platinum; Can react with dilute hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, but no reaction with nitric acid; It can be eroded by caustic soda and carbonates, and is not oxidized by air. Insoluble in water. Chromium is a lightweight blue-silver-white metal. The name chrome comes from the Greek word chroma, which means color. Chromium flake portalTungstenmolybdenummetals is a trusted global Chromium Chip Chromium Sheet Chromium Flake supplier. Feel free to send an inquiry about the latest price of Chromium Chip Chromium Sheet Chromium Flake at any time.
Chromium sheet is a popular material for all types of protective coatings because of its high corrosion resistance to many different acids, bases and high-temperature gases. Electrorefining Chromium sheets are commonly used in vacuum metallurgy to produce heat-resistant nickel-chromium superalloys.

Product name: chromium chip

chromium flake density: 6.8g/cm3

chromium flake purity: 99.95%

chromium flake application:


Chromium flake certificate of analysis:

(ppm)

Chemical Composition,ppm

Cr

≥99.95%

Si

8

C

15

K

6

O

60

As

0.5

Ca

3

Cd

8

Mg

0.2

Zr

0.5

Si

12

S

20

Al

15

Mn

6

Fe

120

Pb

0.5

Ni

20

W

15

Cu

13

N

19


How is Chromium Chip Chromium Sheet Chromium Flake produced?
Pure chromium is produced by aluminum heat reduction CR2O3 or electrolytic trivalent chromium solution. The aluminum heat is first carried out in air at 1100 ° C (2000 ° F), baking fine ore, soda and lime.
 
Applications of Chromium Chip Chromium Sheet Chromium Flake:
Chromium sheets are widely used in many industries.
In electronics, Chromium sheets are used to vaporize and deposit thin films in units involving electron beam heating.
By heat treatment in a pure nitrogen atmosphere, the Chromium sheet can be converted into Chromium nitride (Cr2N) or nitride products containing other components for the doping of special steels and alloys.
Through mechanical grinding, electrorefining Chromium sheets can be converted into powder and coarse sand with different chemical compositions and dispersion.
Chromium sheets are made from a powder made from pure electrolytic refined Chromium.
Chromium sheet is used for coating, thin film chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and physical vapor deposition (PVD) processes.
Chromium sheet is a bright decorative coating for operating components on electrical appliances or jewelry.

Storage Condition of Chromium Chip Chromium Sheet Chromium Flake:
The damp reunion will affect chromium chip chromium sheet chromium flake dispersion performance and using effects, therefore, chromium chip chromium sheet chromium flake should be sealed in vacuum packing and stored in a cool and dry room, the chromium chip chromium sheet chromium flake can not be exposure to air. In addition, the chromium chip chromium sheet chromium flake should be avoided under stress.

Packing & Shipping of chromium chip chromium sheet chromium flake:
We have many different kinds of packing which depend on the chromium chip chromium sheet chromium flake quantity.
Chromium chip chromium sheet chromium flake packing: vacuum packing, 100g, 500g or 1kg/bag, 25kg/barrel, or as your request.
Chromium chip chromium sheet chromium flake shipping: could be shipped out by sea, by air, by express, as soon as possible once payment receipt.
Chromium Chip Chromium Sheet Chromium Flake CAS 7440-47-3插图

Chromium Chip Properties

Other NamesChromium Chips, Chromium Sheet, Chromium Flake
CAS No.7440-47-3
Compound FormulaCr
Molecular Weight52
AppearanceSilvery
Melting Point1857
Boiling Point2672
Density7.18 g/cm3
Solubility in H2ON/A
Electrical Resistivity12.96 microhm-cm @ 0 °C
Poisson’s Ratio0.21
Tensile StrengthN/A
Thermal Conductivity0.939 W/cm/K @ 298.2 K
Thermal Expansion(25 °C) 4.9 µm·m-1·K-1
Vickers Hardness1060 MN m-2
Young’s Modulus279 Gpa
  
  

Chromium Chip Health & Safety Information

Signal WordWarning
Hazard StatementsH400
Hazard CodesN/A
Risk CodesN/A
Safety StatementsN/A
Transport InformationN/A
Inquiry us

About Chromium Chip Chromium Sheet Chromium Flake:Chromium sheet is also called Chromium Ship, Chromium Flake. Chromium sheet is a hard and brittle steel gray bright […]

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