What is Titanium Carbide?

What is it?

Titanium Carbide

The chemical formula of TiC is 59.89. Gray metallic cubic lattice with a centered face. The melting point is 3140+90 and the boiling point is 4820. The relative density of 4.93 is also available. Hardness is higher than 9. Insoluble in water, but soluble in aqua regia and nitric acid. It can react with pure oxygen at 1150degC. Production method: This mixture of titanium and carbon is made by reacting TiO2 by hydrogen at high temperatures. TiO2 and carbon are then pressed into blocks and heated to 2300-2700 C in an electric furnace. Finally, the block is carbonized with H2 or CO atmosphere. It is also used to make electrodes and abrasives for arc lamps.

Titanium Carbide: The Characteristics

It is stable to the air at temperatures below 800degC. At 800degC it is slowly oxidized. Powdered TiC is able to be burned in O2 600degC to produce TiO2 (and CO2) It is easily eroded if the temperature is greater than 2000°C. When heated it can interact easily with halogens, oxygen and nitrogen. It reacts with the molten alkali, and slowly de-C occurs when heated to more than 1500 in H2Chemicalbook gases. Mixes with N2 at above 1200degC to produce mixed titanium carbonitride Ti(C),N) with variable composition. Although it does not interact well with water, it can react with water to create TiO2, CO and hydrogen at temperatures over 700°C. It is not able to interact with CO but reacts with CO2 at 1200 degrees C to create TiO2 (and CO)

Titanium Carbide Properties

Other Titles
titanium(IV) carbide, TiC powder


Combination Formula

Molecular Weight

Black Powder

Melting Point
3160 degC

Boiling Point
4820 degC

4.93 g/cm3

Solubility of H2O

Exact Mass

Titanium Carbide TIC Powder CAS 12070 – 08-5

Titanium Carbide: What are its uses?

1. This is used for cutting tools, wear resistant coatings, mold making, and making metal crucibles to smelt metal.

2. Raw materials to produce ceramics and hard metal parts in powder metallurgy, such as wire drawing film, cemented carbide molds and others. Multiphase ceramics can be used for hard knives, military armor materials and aerospace Chemicalbook components. These include engines, nozzle lines, turbine rotors. blades, as well as structural components in nuclear reactors.

3. It is a good coating material. It can be used for anti-tritium in fusion reactor coating, diamond coating, electrical contact coating and excavator pick coat. Also, foam ceramics, infrared ceramic materials, etc.

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Titanium Carbide

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